– Stroke can have an impact on the lives and well-being in many aspects. Specific process and dependent on your and how severe the are. A number of experts and can help. Among them are psychologists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, and, as well as physiotherapy.

Damage due to stroke could be widespread and long. Before recovered, as usual, should do in a long period of. But of them will never fully.

Physical stroke

There are physical that occur as a result of a, including paralysis on one side of the body parts and of. Some will extreme in the first few weeks after the stroke.

Paralysis on the part of the body should be examined by a physiotherapist who will draw up a plan. Physiotherapy started after the patient’s health is stable. Posture and are the main things that will be fixed by the physiotherapist.

After that will a brief session that lasted several minutes. Session length will increase as the of muscle and of, there are two that physiotherapists, short-term targets, targets. In the short-term targets, will be trained to do such as taking an. While a target stands and walk.

In the process, the physiotherapist does not just alone. Family members of the can are involved. for the patient’s was able to train while in the house.

Relatively long physical. Physiotherapy may last several months or even and usually therapy if the patient’s no longer progress.

Cognitive effects of stroke

One or cognitive may be impaired as a result of the. Cognitive is a used by experts to describe the brain’s process information.

Cognitive function includes:

Communication both written and spoken
Awareness of the position of the body to the surrounding environment
The ability to do physical such as or eating
Ability to perform executive, such as problem-solving, cognitive, and consider the situation
Before the plans for and is, the whole cognitive of should be checked
In rehabilitation, will cognitive, one of which is a communication

There are also ways to lost cognitive, one with. The most cognitive will be recovered after, although not one hundred percent.

Brain damage caused by the can also increase vascular dementia. Vascular dementia or some time after a stroke.

The of a stroke

After the such as or. Feel, confused, and is common. Psychologists can provide advice and so that an impact on ‘ lives, such as family life or life.

One after the is cognitive behavior therapy. This therapy aims to help with positive. In addition to therapy from a psychologist, the support of those closest to is also very important to restore the off as usual.

Causes of Stroke:

Most of could be prevented by changing your lifestyle into a. Nevertheless, there is some risk of can not be changed, and the will be explained below

If you have ever a TIA( Transient Ischemic Attack) or minor and heart attack, of is higher
Your risk of a higher if you have a close who has had a stroke
Your risk of if you are over 65, although an of occur at a younger age

Ischemic stroke

Ischemic stroke blood to the stops due to the formation of blood clots. A blood clot in blood vessels where there is an accumulation of cholesterol or there has been damage to the walls.

Here are the things that have a negative impact on blood vessels ischemic:

Hypertension or blood pressure
High levels of cholesterol in the blood
Uncontrolled diabetes. blood sugar adversely affect blood vessel walls

Irregular heartbeat or atrial fibrillation ischemic. With a heartbeat, blood is fibrils atrium. It also provides blood clot the ischemic stroke.

Can be with, and the process of narrowing of the if you:

Excessive alcohol consumption
Having cholesterol levels
Having a family history of or diabetes

At a younger age, of ischemic may be increased because of the use of a migraine, coagulopathy( blood clotting ), and a occurs.

Hemorrhagic stroke

Hemorrhagic occur when a blood vessel in the and. About five of the known as subarachnoid. blood pressure is a major cause of hemorrhagic stroke.

High blood pressure can weaken the in the and thus to rupture.
There is blood pressure, such as smoking, of, stress, and overweight or obese.

Never a TIA or stroke may also increase the risk of hemorrhagic. Diabetics, arrhythmia( heartbeat ), and valve have a greater of hemorrhagic stroke.

Hemorrhagic stroke occurs due to of blood vessels or swelling called an aneurysm.

Trauma or injury to the hemorrhagic. Even so, there are some in which there is bleeding in the of the brain without any of. It occurs in older people, and to a. Bleeding that occurs in the of the known as a subdural hematoma.

People who or anticoagulant blood anticoagulant be careful. One of using these is hemorrhagic . Anticoagulant blood clot. This, if there is bleeding, it would be difficult to halt.

Problems in communication skills

Problems in speaking, understanding, and writing a lot of experienced after stroke.
It was referred to as aphasia or dysphasia. Aphasia due to damage to the brain that or damage to the muscles that support these capabilities. To communication, will be handled
by experts related.

Problems in the of vision
Sometimes some people with after, such as blind in one. It is caused by damage to the brain that receives, process, and interprets the information sent by the eyes.

The problem of the bladder

Stroke can affect parts of the brain that urine. Because the people who have had a stroke bedwetting without him knowing.

Driving vehicles after stroke

Usually, after a, are not recommended to drive for a. Sooner or later than be driving back they and what vehicle they are driving. The doctor can help decide whether are allowed to drive again or should undergo further examination.

For caregivers of stroke

There are many ways to support the family or who’ve had a so the rapid progress of their, including:

Help motivate long-term targets.

Adapt to their, such as speaking if they are having communication problems.
Being involved in the practice of physiotherapy.

Provide moral that their will be recovered over.
The frustration and loneliness often experienced by care for people who have had a. Therefore some of outlined below are expected to help.

Prepare your heart to face the changes in behavior

Personality people who have had a stroke often experience changes and sometimes it can be. For, they could become angry and resentful. It is and cognitive. Although annoying, try not to take it personally. that the original after theirs.

Trying and positive thinking

The attitude of and positive are needed to support the of people who’ve had a. Often long and us frustrated.

But believe me, where the progress achieved. Try to encourage and the slightest since then, will continue to be motivated to achieve their long-term targets.

It is important to a little time for yourself

Do not the of your own, even if you’re for people who have had. with or can clear you’re and cope with better.

Opportunities for can return to normal life

Although the patient has been undergoing, stroke can not be full. Here is that is owned by a patient in general:

A third of although it must continue to be supported in order to be able to lead a normal life.
A third of, but paralysis. from paralysis such as the need to be assisted in the, until such severe paralysis gets up at all.
A third of do not at all and within one year, even most of them died in a few weeks early.

If the is effective, saving lives, long-term disability is prevented. and have, among which are:
In the first, call the hospital to ask for an ambulance
Bring to a that from a specialist
Scan, eg, CT scan or MRI scan
Place the patient in a special handling stroke
Examination of-of, one with a swallow test
Bring patient to undergo stroke rehabilitation
Always a patient return to normal life society
Treatment of ischemic stroke
Initial treatment of ischemic the airway, blood pressure and blood returns.Return of blood flow can be through injection of TPA (Tissue Plasminogen Activator) in the veins or arteries. However, not all suitable patients with this treatment.

Giving TPA is if the first four and a half hours after a. If through that time period, the drug is not proven to have a positive impact. Basically, faster if TPA is given.

To prevent blood clotting can be given anticoagulants, such as heparin and warfarin, which by changing blood. Anticoagulant stroke with the irregular heartbeat. As for of cholesterol, are your doctor will recommend statins to the cholesterol-producing enzyme in the liver.

One way to prevent ischemic is to lower blood pressure. If a person’s blood pressure is, then will give antihypertensive to lower it, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors( ACE inhibitors ), inhibitors of alpha and beta( alpha- and beta-blockers ), diuretics, and drugs potassium blocker( calcium blocker ).
Narrowing of the carotid arteries
Is carotid artery or vein in the that serves as the blood to the. Some ischemic due to the of which blood vessels carotid. Refinement is also known as carotid stenosis( carotid stenosis ).
Sometimes surgery is needed to prevent the recurrence of ischemic, one of which is a carotid endarterectomy. Through, fatty that hinders the carotid disposed of by a with a surgery in the patient’s neck.
Katoris artery is the artery located on each side of the leading to the. Although the operating carotid endarterectomy in preventing ischemic is high enough, but it is not completely safe procedure on suffering from other conditions, heart disease.

In addition to carotid endarterectomy, a is waging the carotid is angioplasty.
However, this is not in the, but in the groin. A catheter that carries a special and stent is then inserted into the groin henceforth be directed to the carotid artery.

Once in the carotid, the is to widen a blocked and then supported by the stent.

Treatment of hemorrhagic stroke

In the case of hemorrhagic stroke, which was an emergency treatment is focused to stop the in the and stress on these. Apart from pressure-lowering in the, may hypertension, and the of blood vessels ( vasospasm)

In addition to the, a hemorrhagic surgery. Surgery to a ruptured blood vessel and the blood in the. This surgical procedure called a craniotomy. During a craniotomy, a small skull to be opened.
Then the doctor will the damaged blood vessels and ensure no blood clots. The cranium was opened earlier will be replaced after the stops.
After surgery will be given the ventilator him. Ventilator time to the patient’s body to recover and control the in the.

Usually, called angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors( ACE inhibitors) to lower blood pressure and stroke.

Treatment of TIA ( Transient Ischemic Attack) or stroke

TIA can lead to a is greater. To that happening, then will prescribe according to the cause of TIA.

If the TIA related to cholesterol and blood pressure will prescribe angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors), or statins, or even a both. In some, the surgical procedure is required if the endarterectomy carotid TIA due to in the carotid artery.



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