A hernia occurs when an organ moves through an opening in the muscle or material that holds it in place. For specimen, the bowels may break through a lessened domain in the abdominal wall.

Sayhealthy.net – Hernias are most common in the abdomen, but they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin areas. Most hernias are not immediately life threatening, but they don’t go away on their own and can require surgery to avoid potentially dangerous complications.

Hernia Types

Inguinal hernia

Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia. They make up about 70 percent of all hernias, in agreement with the British Hernia Centre( BHC ). These hernias occur when the bowels promoted through a soft spot or snap in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal.

The inguinal canal is found in your groin. In servicemen, it is the area where the spermatic line surpasses from the abdomen to the scrotum. This line braces up the testicles. In maidens, the inguinal canal contains a ligament that helps support the uterus in place.

This type of hernia is more common in servicemen than in women. This is because a man’s testicles tumble through the inguinal canal shortly after birth, and the canal is supposed to close almost completely behind them. Sometimes, the canal does not close properly and leaves a weakened region prone to hernias.

Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia occurred when part of your gut protrudes up through the diaphragm into your dresser. The diaphragm is a expanse of muscle that allows you breath by contracting and outlining aura into the lungs. It distinguishes the parts in your abdomen from those working in your chest.

This type of hernia is most common in patients over 50 years old. If small children has the condition, it’s typically caused by a congenital( delivery) defect. Hiatal hernias almost always cause esophageal reflux, which is when the gut materials disclose backward into the esophagus, inducing a burning sensation.

Umbilical hernia

Umbilical hernias can occur in children and babies under 6 months old-fashioned. This happens when their bowels bulge through their abdominal wall near their belly button. You may notice a protrusion in or near your child’s bellybutton, extremely when they’re cryin.

An umbilical hernia is the only category that often going on around here on its own, frequently by the time “their childrens” is 1 year old-fashioned. If the hernia has not ceased to exist by this point, surgery may be used to correct it.

Incisional Hernia

Incisional hernias can occur after you’ve had abdominal surgery. Your bowels may push through the incision scar or the surrounding, diluted material.

What Causes a Hernia?

Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and tighten. Depending on its case, a hernia can develop instantly or over a long period of time.

Common causes of muscle weakness include:

  • failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the womb, which is a congenital defect
  • age
  • chronic coughing
  • damage from injury or surgery

Parts that strain your mas and may cause a hernia, especially if your muscles are weak, include:

  • being pregnant, which puts pressure on your abdomen
  • being constipated, which causes you to strain when having a bowel movement
  • heavy weight lifting
  • fluid in the abdomen, or ascites
  • suddenly gaining weight
  • persistent coughing or sneezing

Am I at risk for a hernia?

The ingredients that increase your risk of developing a hernia include:

  • a personal or family history of hernias
  • being overweight or obese
  • a chronic cough
  • chronic constipation
  • smoking, which can trigger a chronic cough

Situations such as cystic fibrosis can also indirectly increase the health risks of developing a hernia. Cystic fibrosis impairs the function of the lungs, making a chronic coughing.

What are the symptoms of a hernia?

The most common symptom of a hernia is a hump or goon in the affected area. In the case of an inguinal hernia, you may notice a lump on either side of your pubic bone where your groin and thigh fulfill. You’re more likely to feel your hernia through touch when you’re standing up .

If your baby has a hernia, you may only be able to feel the hump when he or she is crying. A hump is commonly the only symptom of an umbilical hernia .

Other common symptoms of an inguinal hernia include:

  • pain or discomfort in the affected area (usually the lower abdomen), especially when bending over, coughing, or lifting
  • weakness, pressure, or a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen
  • a burning, gurgling, or aching sensation at the site of the bulge

Other symptoms of a hiatal hernia include:

  • acid reflux, which is when stomach acid moves backward into the esophagus causing a burning sensation
  • chest pain
  • difficulty swallowing

In some examples, hernias had not yet been evidences. You may not know you have a hernia unless it shows up during a routine physical or a medical exam for an unrelated trouble.

How is a hernia diagnosed?

Inguinal or incisional hernias are generally diagnosed through a physical examination. Your physician may feel for a protrusion in your abdomen or groin that goes larger when you stand, cough, or tighten .

If you have a hiatal hernia, medical doctors may diagnosed it with a barium X-radiation or endoscopy. These exams allow your doctor to see the internal location of your belly:

  • A barium X-ray are a number of X-ray pictures of your digestive parcel. The illustrations are entered after you’ve finished boozing a liquid solution containing barium, which shows up well on the X-ray epitomes.
  • An endoscopy commits threading a small camera attached to a tube down your throat and into your esophagus and belly .

If young children has only one umbilical hernia, your doctor may act an ultrasound. An ultrasound use high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the structures inside the body.

Treatment options for a hernia

Whether or not you need treatment depends on the size of your hernia and the severity of your symptoms. Your physician may simply observe your hernia for possible complications. Treatment an opportunity for a hernia include:

Lifestyle changes

Dietary changes can often discuss the indications of a hiatal hernia. Avoid huge or heavy meals, don’t lie down or stoop over after a meal, and keep your torso weight in a healthy compas.

If these changes in diet don’t eliminate your anxiety, you may need surgery to correct the hernia. You can also improve indications by eschewing nutrients that induce acid reflux or heartburn, such as spicy nutrients and tomato-based nutrients. Additionally, you are able to eschew reflux by losing weight and giving up cigarettes.


If you have a hiatal hernia, over-the-counter and drug medications that shorten stomach battery-acid can counteract your inconvenience and be enhanced symptoms. These include antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors.


If your hernia is growing large or generating sorenes, your doctor may decide that it’s best to operate. Your physician may repair your hernia by sewing the hole in the abdominal wall closed during surgery. This is most commonly done by patching the hole with surgical mesh.

Hernias can be repaired with either open or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery applies a tiny camera and miniaturized surgical paraphernalium to repair the hernia utilizing merely a few small incisions. Laparoscopic surgery is less damaging to the circumventing tissue.

Open surgery requires a longer recovery process. You may be unable to move around usually for up to six weeks. Laparoscopic surgery has a much shorter convalescence period. Nonetheless, health risks of your hernia reoccurring is higher. In add-on , not all hernias are suitable for laparoscopic repair, including those in which a portion of your bowels has moved down into the scrotum.

Potential complications of a hernia

If left untreated, your hernia may thrive and become more unpleasant. A segment of your intestine could become trapped in the abdominal wall. This can clog your bowel, compelling severe sorenes, nausea, and constipation. An untreated hernia can also put too much adversity on nearby materials, which can cause swelling and sorenes in the smothering range.

If the trapped region of your intestines doesn’t get enough blood pour, throttling occurs. This can cause the intestinal material to become infected or croak. A strangulated hernia is life-threatening and require immediate medical aid.

Preventing a hernia

You can’t always prevent the muscle weakness that allows a hernia to pas. However, you can reduce the amount of stres you place on your person. This may help you escape a hernia or keep an existing hernia from getting worse. Prevention tip-off include:

  • not smoking
  • seeing your doctor when you’re sick to avoid developing a prolonged coughing
  • maintaining a healthy
  • avoiding straining during bowel movements or urination
  • lifting objects with your knees and not your back
  • avoiding filching loads that are too heavy for you


It’s important to realise the early signalings of a hernia. An untreated hernia will not go away on its own. Nonetheless, with early medical aid or lifestyle changes, you can minimize the effects of a hernia and shun life-threatening complications like strangling.



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